Exemplory instance of comparison essay the theory is that of literature: the difference between classicism and sentimentalism
Literature is an unique types of art that will help to know the present-day history and to know the way the primary tendencies of social development in the past were formed.
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The looks of classicism, which developed in Western European culture during the end of the seventeenth century, determined the ideological content of literary works, the strict system of poetic rules and the axioms of plot construction, reflecting the thought of orderliness and excellence associated with the universe, nature and culture.
The “sensitive” literature of sentimentalism that emerged in the second half associated with eighteenth century was meant to show and educate on examples and images that can cause empathy, which awakens high feelings, guided because of the indisputable fact that all evil can be overcome.
In our literary works as much as the beginning of the XIX century, classicism and sentimentalism developed, complementing each other and pursuing exactly the same goal: to create society perfect, by affirming the logical principles of morality plus the rules of human behavior. Approaches to achieve this goal into the philosophy of classicism were thought as the assertion for the supremacy of order, form, hierarchy and were centered on a definite division of creative styles and genres. The theorists of classicism paid special attention to drama and poetry. Epic poems and tragedies where the foundation regarding the plot has long been important historical occasions, and actors – the gods and strongest of the world, demanded a lofty poetic composition, ruled spatial turns. They certainly were attributed to the “high” genre.
The spoken language and stylistically lowered images could simply be contained in satires, fables and comedies, which fixed this is of “low” genres. Obligatory observance regarding the unity of the time, place, action and guidelines of constructing tragedy and drama with publicity, zygote, development of action, culmination and resolution limited the chance of stage-based discovery of images, but emphasized the inviolability of order, the bond of cause and effect, clarity expression of the main concept of the task. Sentimentalism allowed more freely to utilize the way of creative expression. Attention to household details, a description of emotional experiences, the image associated with inner realm of guy along with his closeness to nature demanded and new literary forms. The epistolary genre, sentimental novel, travel notes appear in the literary works. The development of sentimentalism greatly expanded the possibilities of artistic prose and managed to make it more democratic: the interest of both writers and readers ended up being the fate of a typical individual, clear, close, causing interest and compassion.
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Thus, the difference between classicism and sentimentalism can be follows:
- The subject of the image when you look at the works of classicism are very important, meaningful occasions that determine the fate of an individual who is obliged to obey the established order therefore the determined span of events.
- Into the center of attention of writers – sentimentalists – the inner realm of heroes, with the capacity of deeply feel and experience.
- Classicism is just a literary trend where the basis of this artistic method may be the division of works into “high”, “medium” and “low” genres.
- Sentimentalism doesn’t have such a division, because its task is to educate the senses, using an array of visual method for this purpose.
- The main genres of classicism are the epic poem, tragedy, ode, drama, heroic story, comedy, satire and fable.
- Genres attribute of sentimentalism certainly are a novel, letters, diaries, travel notes essay checker.
- Classicalism argued educational some ideas on the basis of the subordination of personal feelings of debt to society.
- Representatives of sentimentalism considered the inner realm of heroes as a harmonious whole.
- They thought that educating a single individual, it is possible to enhance the whole society.